CERTIFICATE

Information about BS 5852

Information about BS 5852:2006
Methods of test for assessment of the ignitability of upholstered seating by smouldering and flaming ignition sources.
Standard
Methods of test for assessment of the ignitability of upholstered seating by smouldering and flaming ignition sources.
Why test according to this standard?
The standard is used to assess the ignitability of material combinations, such as covers and fillings used in upholstered seating, when subjected to a smouldering cigarette and a match flame equivalent as ignition source.
In United Kingdom all items of domestic upholstered furniture must meet the “Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations 1988” with amendments.
Example of materials that can be tested according to this standard
Combinations of covering and filling materials that are used in upholstered furniture.
Covers/fabrics can also be tested in combination with standard fillings.
Sample dimensions
Complete test with 1 ignition source
Cover/interliner/wadding, 3 pieces with the dimensions 1100 x 650 mm.
Filling, 3 pieces with the dimensions 450 x 450 x 75 mm.
Filling, 3 pieces with the dimensions 450 x 300 x 75 mm.
The thickness of 75 mm regards the filling together with any wadding.
If the filling differs between the seat, back, armrests, etc. all fillings must be tested seperately.
Indicative test
One piece each of the above stated material.
Test of a complete furniture
3 sets of the finished furniture as in end-use.
Short test description
The tests are performed in a test cabinet with a calibrated air flow. The cover fabric and the filling are put in a test rig to create a small sofa with a 90º angle between seat and back. The ignition sources are located in the junction between seat and back. There are six different ignition sources, numbered 2-7. ignition sources 2-3 are gas flames and ignition sources 4-7 are wooden cribs (the higher number the larger gas flame/crib).
During the gas flame tests the test assembly is not allowed to smoulder for more than 30 minutes from the start of the test (60 minutes for wooden cribs). The test assembly is not allowed to show evidence of charring more than 100 mm in any direction apart from upwards from the ignition source. The gas flames are removed after 40 seconds (ignition source 2) or 70 seconds (ignition source 3). No flaming is allowed to continue for more than 120 seconds after removal of the burner tube. No flaming is allowed to continue for more than 10 minutes after start of the test with ignition source 5 (13 minutes with ignition source 6-7).
Information about BS 5852:Part 1:1979
Fire test of upholstered composites for seating.
Standard
Fire tests for furniture – Part 1. Methods of test for the ignitability by smokers’ materials of upholstered composites for seating.
Why test according to this standard?
The standard is used to assess the ignitability of material combinations, such as covers and fillings used in upholstered seating, when subjected to a smouldering cigarette and a match flame equivalent as ignition source.
In United Kingdom all items of domestic upholstered furniture must meet the “Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations 1988” with amendments.
Example of materials that can be tested according to this standard
Combinations of covering and filling materials that are used in upholstered furniture.
Covers/fabrics can also be tested in combination with standard fillings.
Sample dimensions
Complete test with 1 ignition source
Cover/interliner/wadding, 2 pieces with the dimensions 800 x 650 mm.
Filling, 2 pieces with the dimensions 450 x 300 x 75 mm.
Filling, 2 pieces with the dimensions 450 x 150 x 75 mm.
The thickness of 75 mm regards the filling together with any wadding.
If the filling differs between the seat, back, armrests, etc. all fillings must be tested seperately.
Indicative test
One piece each of the above stated material.
Testing according to the British furniture regulation
Amount of material as well as dimensions may differ depending on the schedule to be tested.
Pre-treatment
According to the British furniture regulation, all interliners and cover fabrics that have been treated with a flame retardant, shall go through a water soaking procedure before testing.
Short test description
The tests are performed in a test cabinet with a calibrated air flow. The cover fabric and the filling are put in a test rig to create a small sofa with a 90º angle between seat and back. The ignition sources are located in the junction between seat and back.
During the cigarette test the test assembly is not allowed to smoulder after one hour from the beginning of the test.
The test assembly is subjected to a gas flame equivalent to a match flame for 20 seconds. No flaming is allowed to continue for more than 120 seconds after removal of the burner tube.
Information about BS 5852:Part 2:1982
Fire test of uphostered furnitures.
Standard
Fire tests for furniture – Part 2. Methods of test for the ignitability of upholstered composites for seating by flaming sources.
Why test according to this standard?
The standard is used to assess the ignitability of material combinations, such as covers and fillings used in upholstered seating, when subjected to different ignition sources of gas flames and small wooden cribs. The thermal output of the ignition sources shall approximate a burning match to four sheets of a full size newspaper.
In United Kingdom all items of domestic upholstered furniture must meet the “Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations 1988” with amendments.
Example of materials that can be tested according to this standard
Combinations of covering and filling materials that are used in upholstered furniture.
Covers/fabrics can also be tested in combination with standard fillings.

Sample dimensions
Complete test with 1 ignition source
Cover/interliner/wadding, 2-3 pieces with the dimensions 1100 x 650 mm.
Filling, 2-3 pieces with the dimensions 450 x 450 x 75 mm.
Filling, 2-3 pieces with the dimensions 450 x 300 x 75 mm.
The thickness of 75 mm regards the filling together with any wadding.
If the filling differs between the seat, back, armrests, etc. all fillings must be tested seperately.
Indicative test
One piece each of the above stated material.
Testing according to the British furniture regulation
Amount of material as well as dimensions may differ depending on the schedule to be tested.
Pre-treatment
According to the British furniture regulation, all interliners and cover fabrics that have been treated with a flame retardant, shall go through a water soaking procedure before testing.
Short test description
The tests are performed in a test cabinet with a calibrated air flow. The cover fabric and the filling are put in a test rig to create a small sofa with a 90º angle between seat and back. The ignition sources are located in the junction between seat and back. There are six different ignition sources, numbered 2-7. ignition sources 2-3 are gas flames and ignition sources 4-7 are wooden cribs (the higher number the larger gas flame/crib).
During the gas flame tests the test assembly is not allowed to smoulder for more than 30 minutes from the start of the test (60 minutes for wooden cribs). The test assembly is not allowed to show evidence of charring more than 100 mm in any direction apart from upwards from the ignition source. The gas flames are removed after 40 seconds (ignition source 2) or 70 seconds (ignition source 3). No flaming is allowed to continue for more than 120 seconds after removal of the burner tube. No flaming is allowed to continue for more than 10 minutes after start of the test with ignition source 5 (13 minutes with ignition source 6-7).

STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX®

Oeko-Tex is a registered trade mark, representing the product labels and company certifications issued and other services provided by the International Association for Research and Testing in the Field of Textile and Leather Ecology (which also calls itself Oeko-Tex for short).
The Oeko-Tex Association issues the product-related labels Standard 100 by Oeko-Tex (formerly Oeko-Tex Standard 100), Made in Green by Oeko-Tex (formerly Oeko-Tex Standard 100plus) and Leather Standard by Oeko-Tex, the label Eco Passport by Oeko-Tex for chemicals to be used in textile production, and the STeP by Oeko-Tex label (formerly Oeko-Tex Standard 1000) and the Detox to Zero status report for production facilities.
Oeko-Tex labels and certificates confirm the human-ecological safety of textile products and leather articles from all stages of production (raw materials and fibres, yarns, fabrics, ready-to-use end products) along the textile value chain. Some also attest to socially and environmentally sound conditions in production facilities.

STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX®
Introduction
The STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® is a worldwide consistent, independent testing and certification system for raw, semi-finished, and finished textile products at all processing levels, as well as accessory materials used. Examples of articles that can be certified: raw and dyed/finished yarns, woven and knitted fabrics, accessories, such as buttons, zip fasteners, sewing threads or labels, ready-made articles of various types (garments of all types, domestic and household textiles, bed linen, terry products and much more).
Criteria
Since its introduction in 1992, the central focus of the STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® has been the development of test criteria, limit values and test methods on a scientific basis. On the basis of its comprehensive and strict catalogue of measures, with several hundred regulated individual substances, the STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® takes account of:
• Important legal regulations, such as banned Azo colourants, formaldehyde, pentachlorophenol, cadmium, nickel, etc.
• Numerous harmful chemicals, even if they are not yet legally regulated.
• Requirements of Annexes XVII and XIV of the European Chemicals Regulation REACh as well as of the ECHA SVHC Candidate List insofar as they are assessed by expert groups of the OEKO-TEX® Association to be relevant for fabrics, textiles, garments or accessories. Discussions and developments that are considered to be relevant are taken into account as quickly and effectively as possible through updates to the STANDARD 100 by OEKO-TEX® requirements.
• Requirements from the US Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA) regarding lead.
• Numerous also environmentally relevant substance classes
With its decades of experience, the OEKO-TEX® Standard 100 therefore contributes to high and effective product safety from a consumer’s point of view. Test criteria and limit values in many cases go far beyond applicable national and international standards. Extensive product checks and regular company on-site visits also ensure that the industry has a globally sustainable awareness of the responsible use of chemicals. With this concept, the OEKO-TEX® Standard 100 has taken on a pioneering role for many years.
Laboratory tests and product classes
The OEKO-TEX® tests for harmful substances are fundamentally based on the respective purpose of the textiles and materials. The more intensive the skin contact of a product and the more sensitive the skin, the stricter the human-ecological requirements that need to be complied with.
Accordingly, a distinction is made between four product classes:
• Product class I:
Articles for babies and toddlers up to 3 years of age (underwear, rompers, clothing, bed linen, terry products etc.)
• Product class II:
Articles that are worn close to the skin (underwear, bed linen, t-shirts, socks etc.)
• Product class III:
Articles used away from the skin (jackets, coats etc.)
• Product class IV:
Decoration/Furnishing materials (curtains, tablecloths, upholstery covers etc.)
Certification
The precondition for the certification of products in accordance with OEKO-TEX® Standard 100 is that all parts of an article meet the required criteria – in addition to the outer fabric, for example, also the sewing threads, inserts, prints etc., as well as non-textile accessories, such as buttons, zip fasteners, rivets etc.
Additional preconditions are the existence and application of operational quality assurance measures, as well as the legally binding signing of undertakings and conformity declarations by the applicant.